Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is an effective that is available for psychotherapists and other psychiatry and mental health professionals employ in treating individuals with all kinds of psychiatric and mental health disorders. That includes individuals with hoarding issues such as your client in your clinical rotation. CBT was pioneered by Beck and Ellis and holds the premise that maladaptive cognitions contribute to the maintenance of emotional distress and behavioral problems (Hofmann et al 2012). The theory is that clients with these disorders have symptoms because they have not learned to critically analyze a trigger/situation and CBT is used to train those individuals to look at triggers a different way so that the symptoms are reduced or eliminated.

When it is used in family psychotherapy, the individual o suffers from the disorder is trained how to deal with issues so that his symptoms are reduced while hi/her family are made aware of how the disorder affects the individual and are also trained to recognize the triggers and learn strategies to support the individual. CBT has been proven to be quite effective and is considered the gold standard of psychotherapy for both family and individual psychotherapy. Because of the number of publications/studies, academic programs, and/or practicing professionals (David, Cristea, & Hofmann 2018). It has been proven to be effective for clients such as your hoarding dependency client you refer to in your post. Evidence from numerous large-scale trials and quantitative reviews supports the efficacy of CBT for hoarding disorder (McHugh, & Otto, 2010).

References

David, D., Cristea, I., & Hofmann, S. G. (2018). Why Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Is the Current Gold Standard of Psychotherapy. Frontiers in psychiatry9, 4.

Hofmann, S. G., Asnaani, A., Vonk, I. J., Sawyer, A. T., & Fang, A. (2012). The Efficacy of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: A Review of Meta-analyses. Cognitive therapy and research36(5), 427–440.

McHugh, R. K., Hearon, B. A., & Otto, M. W. (2010). Cognitive behavioral therapy for substance use disorders. The Psychiatric clinics of North America33(3), 511–525. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psc.2010.04.012